Forts, castles and estates

Some eighty forts and castles along the South Tyrolean Wine Road reflect the turbulent history of the region and bear living witness to a bygone era.

Erected as fortifications on strategic hills, the forts and castles between Salorno/Salurn and Nalles/Nals served as residences for wealthy aristocratic families, who also flaunted their wealth through magnificent furnishings. The strongest castle in the land was Hocheppan Castle, dating back to the 12th century. The Counts of Appiano/Eppan had the castle built in 1130 and chose the rugged cliffs above Missiano/Missian as an excellent vantage point. The well-preserved castle chapel with its 13th-century Romanesque frescoes is regarded as the “Sistine Chapel of the Alps”. This cultural treasure is waiting to be discovered on the Three Castles Hike, which links Hocheppan Castle to the castles of Korb and Boymont. Runkelstein Castle, located near Bolzano, meanwhile contains the largest medieval non-religious frescoes in existence: the paintings date from the 14th century. Numerous castles now offer visitors the chance to enjoy something to eat or drink, while you can easily reach these witnesses of the past via well-signposted hiking trails. 

Bolzano/Bozen and environs | Forts & Castles

Castle Freudenstein

The location of Castel Freudenstein makes you enjoy a great view on Bolzano and the mountain...

Bolzano/Bozen and environs | Ruins

The ruins of Castle Greifenstein

First documented in 1159, the ruins were destroyed many times due to fires and battles, and have...

Bolzano/Bozen and environs | Forts & Castles

Flavon/Haselburg Castle

Haselburg Castle is accessible to the general public as a restaurant and as a party and...

Bolzano/Bozen and environs | Forts & Castles

Castle Hocheppan

Location: The castle Hocheppan is situated high above the Val...

Bolzano/Bozen and environs | Ruins

The ruins of Castle Helfenberg

The building techniques and the disposition of stones in layers let suppose that this little...

Bolzano/Bozen and environs | Ruins

Maultasch Castle Ruin (Neuhaus)

Maultasch Castle Ruin (Neuhaus) It was probably built in the early 13th century as a double...

Bolzano/Bozen and environs | Forts & Castles

Runkelstein Castle - the Painted Castle

The Painted Castle: Perched atop a rocky promontory at the entrance to Sarntal Valley, even the...

Bolzano/Bozen and environs | Ruins

Ruins of Castle Caldiff

The ruin Kaldiff...

Bolzano/Bozen and environs | Ruins


The castle of Salorno stands imposingly on the rocks above the village and is the symbol of the...

Bolzano/Bozen and environs | Forts & Castles

Boymont castle

Mysterious eras of the past Food, drinks and an attraction A brief journey back in time to the...

Bolzano/Bozen and environs | Forts & Castles


It was most probably built at the same time (the end of the 12th century or the beginning of the...

Bolzano/Bozen and environs | Forts & Castles

Englar Castle

The castle's castle consists of an older Gothic castle dating from around 1450...

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