On 23rd May 1915, the Kingdom of Italy declared war on the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Italian army occupied Cortina, and the troops of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy withdrew to the Monte Lagazuoi to defend the Val Badia/Gadertal and Val Pusteria/Pustertal valleys. Both armies dug themselves in in defensive trenches along the ridges of the Monte Lagazuoi and many other Dolomite mountains. The mountains were to become the scene of an incredible high-altitude war.
The War Cemetery is the last home of non-Germanspeaking Austro-Hungarian soilders.